Simon Charbonneau

Position: Masters student in geography

Supervisor: Daniel Fortier

Cosupervisor: François Girard

Address:
Département de Géographie

Strathcona building, local 404
Université de Montréal
520 chemin de la Côte-Sainte-Catherine
Montréal, Qc, H2V 2B8

 

Email: simon.sc.charbonneau@gmail.com

 

Project Title:
Area and Physical Properties of Aquatic Environments of the Periglacial Biogeosystem of Qalikturvik Valley, Bylot Island, Nunavut

 

Description of the project research :

Widespread in the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions, thermokarst ponds and lakes are the subject of special scientific attention in permafrost regions, because of their important implications for biogeochemical cycles of northern regions, especially the carbon cycle. The overall objective of my master’s project will be to assess the total area represented by each type of aquatic environments present within the Qalikturvik’s valley geosystem on Bylot Island in Nunavut. Aquatic environments are very numerous (several thousand across the geosystem) and geospatial inventory represents a technical challenge. More specifically, the objectives of my research project are: 1) assess the total area occupied by aquatic environments of the studied geosystem; 2) classify the types of aquatic environments (lakes and thermokarst ponds, ice-wedge polygons ponds, trough ponds and kettle lakes) based on certain physical parameters (depth, water temperature, bottom substrate, active layer / talik), 3) characterize the intra-annual and interannual spatiotemporal evolution of the various aquatic environments present within the valley. The methodology used will combine the interpretation of historical aerial photographs, high resolution satellite images and high-resolution photographs obtained by helicopter and drone. Field measurements will combine the use of a differential GNSS, a total station and physical measurements of aquatic environments such as depth of water, type of substrate, water temperature and thaw front thickness.

 

Keywords: Greenhouse gases, permafrost, aquatic environments, thermokarst lake, thermokarst pond, ice-wedge polygons pond, remote sensing, spatial analysis

 

Scientific articles in peer-review journals & conferences:

Sabine Veuille, Daniel Fortier, Manuel Verpaelst, Katerine Grandmont, Simon Charbonneau (2015). Heat Advection in the Active Layer of Permafrost: Physical Modelling to Quantify the Impact of Subsurface Flow on Soil Thawing, GeoQuebec, 8 p.

 

Scientific reports:

Daniel Fortier, Sabine Veuille, Manuel Verpaelst, Simon Charbonneau, Antoine Prince, Michel Sliger (2015). Évaluation des impacts de l’écoulement de surface et de l’écoulement souterrain sur la dégradation du pergélisol et la stabilité des infrastructures routières, Transport Canada, Cold Regions Geomorphology and Geotechnical Laboratory (Geocryolab), University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 37 p.

Daniel Fortier, Sabine Veuille, Manuel Verpaelst, Simon Charbonneau (2014). Évaluation des impacts de l’écoulement de surface et de l’écoulement souterrain sur la dégradation du pergélisol et la stabilité des infrastructures routières, Transport Canada, Cold Regions Geomorphology and Geotechnical Laboratory (Geocryolab), University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 43 p.

Daniel Fortier, Manuel Verpaelst, Michel Sliger, Sabine Veuille, Antoine Prince, Simon Charbonneau  (2014).  Mesure de la variation du contenu en eau dans un sol gelé. Transport Canada, Cold Regions Geomorphology and Geotechnical Laboratory (Geocryolab), University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 62 p.

 

 

Scholarships and other awards:

2016: ESRI Canada GIS Scholarship
2016: Bourse de la Faculté des études supérieures et postdoctorales de l’Université de Montréal (FESP)
2015: Northern Scientific Training Program
2014: Undergraduate Student Research Awards (NSERC)
2012, 2013, 2014, 2015: Dean’s Merit List, University of Montreal

 

 

Ce message est également disponible en : French