Gaspésie, Chic-Chocs Mountains

Mont-Jacques Cartier is the southernmost known permafrost patch in Quebec. It exists mainly because of the altitude and the high wind conditions preventing the establishment of a significant snow mantle. This alpine permafrost is on the verge of becoming relic, but its thermal regime has been monitored for the past 30 years and the laboratory still leads expeditions in order to recover snow cover and thermal regime data. A high resolution cartography of periglacial forms has been created recently and a greater study on the other summits of the Chic-Chocs Range will be performed to establish if other sporadic, alpine permafrost patches are present on the surrounding summits.

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